It was at this stage that the traditional hip roofs of both the Apuja and Bohio houses gave way to the gabled roofs of the Maison Basse form.
There have always been similar construction methods throughout the world, firstly in the western region of Africa. The historical development of the Shotgun house demonstrates the active and dynamic processes that should be associated with vernacular architectures.
It is the strong form of the shotgun cottage that endows these small houses with the presence and dignity that are essential attributes of urban architecture.
He uses Kniffen as an example.
Biggers painted the Shotguns series in the midst of a contentious debate in Houston, lasting from the late s through the end of the century, over the fate of Fourth Ward. Finally, there are three accepted and identifiable periods of shotgun house construction.
By using the evidence of immigration patterns into the United States, rise of free black communities in New Orleans, understanding of the Atlantic Slave Trade route, development of Architectural traditions, and adoption of vernacular architecture, Vlach will prove his objective.
One must also account for the role of syncretism in the historical development of vernacular forms. The theory of syncretism compels us instead to consciously associate the material aspects of vernacular forms with the cultural processes that are responsible for bringing them into being.
So why is this important? Examined historically, what is so intriguing is the way in which the shotgun cottage has come to be valued for the very attributes that caused it to be scorned for much of the twentieth century.
Although the neighborhoods of shotguns in Memphis and other Tennessee towns are commonly thought to have served African American tenants, research into areas such as the Delmar-Lema neighborhood of Memphis shows that they were not segregated enclaves but originally places where African Americans and whites of the working class lived side by side.
Row houses were built as rental housing in working class African-American neighborhoods through the s. These houses were adapted, however, to successive trends in the production of domestic architecture and space in Houston, metamorphosing into mini-ranch houses, built at grade on concrete slab foundations, with walls of brick-veneered wood stud construction and rooms lit by high-set horizontal windows.
The repetition of house fronts along the block faces speaks to what is so compelling about the organization of this house type in rows: Vlach followed this hypothesis. Article Title Shotgun Houses. On the northern periphery of the French Quarter, one still finds block fronts composed of New Orleanian variations of the shotgun cottage, both single and double houses, with the overhanging Creole abatvent sheltering the sidewalk in place of a front veranda.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Shotguns built during this period were used by owner-occupants and by tenants, depending upon location and individual situations.
The Shotgun Cottage in Houston: One sees in his painting, Shotgun, Third Ward 1 ofa row of cottages strikingly similar to those at Project Row Houses. The third wave of construction of the shotgun houses began in the s and continued until World War II, with the majority of southern shotguns built in this period.
Oates 4 minutes to read Of all historical housing forms found in Tennessee, the shotgun house is perhaps the least understood and most burdened with confusion and misconceptions. The connection between art and life that Project Row Houses makes was a constant theme in the art of John T.
According to John Michael Vlach, the historian most responsible for discovering the African roots of the Shotgun house, syncretism is a design strategy migrant communities have used to preserve their material cultures as they move into new cultural environments Vlach, When Africans from these tribes were sold into slavery and transported across the Atlantic to the West Indies, they brought their native constructive forms with them.
More essays like this: This process of examination and reevaluation is especially notable in Houston because at Project Row Houses the shotgun cottage has come to stand for an alternative vision of Houston, not as an abstract field for pursuing profit, but as a city in which people might live lives of mutual enjoyment, edification, and respect.
Vlach found an example of the shotgun type recorded as early as in the New Orleans Notarial Archives. John Michael Vlach demonstrates the architectural importance of syncretic design strategies for enslaved Africans in Haiti by tracing the historical evolution of the Shotgun house Vlach, Vlach proposes that his counter parts in his profession have got it all wrong.
It also prevents us from depending on static interpretations of type forms to overdetermine the meaning of contemporary forms. Although its five-room houses conform to the iconic image of the shotgun cottage with their front-facing gables reiterated in the decorative gablet framing the front porch and bungalow-style brackets, they deviate from the pure type by being one-and-a-half rooms wide rather than the single linear file of rooms historically associated with the shotgun type.
The house type spread from New Orleans with the out-migration of the Haitians in the s and s. March 1, The Trouble with Typology: Fox is a fellow of the Anchorage Foundation of Texas and an adjunct lecturer in architecture at the University of Houston and Rice University.
The Bohio form of the Arawak Indians also made room for a front porch that was passed onto the Shotgun houses found in the United States.Essay on Vernacular Architecture - Mongolian Ger For the majority, the region of Mongolia is a high flat landmass with extreme temperature changes, strong winds and low levels of humidity; conditions of a continental climate.
Simply defined, the shotgun is a narrow house, one room wide and at least three rooms deep, oriented with its gable end facing the street. The prototypical shotgun has only one window and a door on its front facade, and it is typically twelve feet wide.
The Trouble with Typology: Exposing an Essentialist Model of Cultural Analysis. the shotgun house is a symbol of architecture created to express life lived in transition, life that is not fixed or static.
The material characteristics that most readily identified the Shotgun house as a vernacular typology – the axial arrangement of its. Traditional Architecture vs Modern Architecture Architects should be designing structures by incorporating vernacular styles into new technologies.
Let us briefly look into the meaning of Architecture - according to Vitruvius, a Roman Architect, Architecture is a multi disciplinary field, including within its fold Mathematics, Science, Art, Technology.
The passion in vernacular architecture has been dormant for a long period of time due to the regressive theories of the past.
Modern theories on vernacular architecture have changed its face and as a result, there is a growing interest altogether (Schlereth ). Vernacular Architecture of the Shotgun House Essay Sample. Vlach an architectural historian is making it his mission to correct his peers understanding and clarify that the origin of the shotgun house lies in African culture.Download