An introduction to the culture and history of the athenian acropolis

In some 13 years of military campaigns, Alexander conquered most of the known world and spread the Greek culture behind his armies. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

The Acropolis of Ancient Athens

Sadly, such images remain only in the prints and sketches of that period: Even today, it still resides as a sign of power and well-being of the Athenian Empire of Ancient Greece.

In Athens, all free men aged 18 to 60 could be called upon in times of war. Building resumed during the 7th Century BC and a small temple was built on the east side.

The character of the Acropolis continues to change in the 6th century before becoming the preeminent sanctuary of the city. The project, conducted by the Service of Restoration of the Monuments of the Acropolis in collaboration with the First Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, is still in progress.

The Ottoman Turks converted the Parthenon into a mosque, yet kept many Christian paintings and artifacts intact. The Athenians buried the surviving sculptures and votive offerings inside natural cavities of the sacred rock, thus forming artificial terraces, and fortified the Acropolis with two new walls, the wall of Themistokles along the northern side and that of Kimon on the south.

The Parthenon was constructed between and BC and its sculptural decoration was completed in BC. In the 19th century, the Acropolis became a symbol and centerpiece of the newly independent Greek nation as excavations removed postclassical remains and restored the ancient monuments.

Mythology The ancient Athenians considered themselves to be autochthonous, or indigenous people, claiming descent from the mythical first kings Cecrops and Cranaos. After successfully defeating a number of dangerous brigands at the Isthmus if Corinth, Theseus, attended a banquet given by his father.

Currently, artifacts and artwork that have been found can be seen at the Acropolis Museum.

The Acropolis of Athens

Each of the ten Athenian tribes had to provide enough troops for one regiment and one commander, called a strategos. Every morning the Greek flag is raised on a pole atop the Acropolis—this stunning monument to human ingenuity and imagination that has survived for nearly 2, years.

Under Frankish occupation the Propylaia were converted into a residence for the Frankish ruler and in the Ottoman period into the Turkish garrison headquarters. Silver Tetradrachm coin Owl struck at Athens, c. Historians believe the frieze depicted either the Panathenaic procession to the Acropolis or the sacrifice of Pandora to Athena.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eight century BC a modest temple perhaps more than one stood on the plateau. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved.

The Parthenon, Athens, Greece The Parthenon cost Attic talents over 25, pounds of silver and was supervised by the architect Phidias the designers were Ictinus and Callicrates. Goette provides practical information and archaeological commentary on the Acropolis from prehistory through the Byzantine era.

The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from another newly built city, Alexandria. In fact, while the Acropolis experience no major forms of destruction during the Mycaeanian era, this was not the case in the years that followed.

In the mid-fifth century BC, when the Acropolis became the seat of the Athenian League and Athens was the greatest cultural centre of its time, Perikles initiated an ambitious building project which lasted the entire second half of the fifth century BC. The Acropolis, and the Parthenon in particular, is the most characteristic monument of the ancient Greek civilisation.

Beautifully illustrated with paintings, photographs, and drawings.In the mid-fifth century BC, when the Acropolis became the seat of the Athenian League and Athens was the greatest cultural centre of its time, Perikles initiated an ambitious building project which lasted the entire second half of the fifth century BC.

As years passed, the introduction of various religions began to take a toll on the Acropolis. With the introduction of Christianity into this culture, all of the monuments were converted into useful churches and were renames as churches and cathedrals.

The history of the Acropolis of Athens is long, with moments when democracy philosophy and art flourished, leading to its creation. Then there were the times when its best standing pieces were removed and shipped away from the city, dividing the monument in two.

History & Culture Special Topics. Mythology One of the most entertaining and enticing aspects of Greek culture is its elaborate mythology that involves gods, heroes, deeds, and mortals, all of which colored the physical world with elaborate stories and personalities.

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Throughout the centuries, the Parthenon withstood earthquakes, fire, wars, explosions and looting yet remains, although battered, a powerful symbol of Ancient Greece and Athenian culture.

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A brief history of the Acropolis

The Acropolis was home to one of the earliest known settlements in Greece, as early as BC. In Mycenaean times – around BC – it was fortified with Cyclopean walls (parts of which can still be seen), enclosing a royal palace and temples to the cult of Athena.

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An introduction to the culture and history of the athenian acropolis
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